A Balanced composition is a compositional choice in art in which the frame feels balanced. Balance is the visual weight of elements and the most important element of the composition. Balance refers to the overall distribution of visual weight in a composition. A well-balanced composition feels comfortable to look at. Balance is used to add stability, add structure, create emphasis, and to create dynamics.
Balance in design covers how the visual weight of elements are balanced with each other on both sides of a design to create cohesiveness, completion, and satisfaction. To achieve optimal balance, user’s composition must be balanced vertically, horizontally, diagonally, or background versus foreground. Each visual component of an artwork has visual weight. Visual weight is not measured using a scale but must be observed instead. Visual weight balances around an artwork’s axis. The axis may be vertical, in which visual elements balance on both side of the axis. Artworks may also balance around the horizontal axis, in which visual elements balance from top to bottom.
Within the context of design, balance is based on the visual weight of the elements. The site balance is perceived as a visually proportional arrangement of its elements. Balance is an opposition of elements that creates equilibrity and harmony. The state of balance is intutitively comfortable for the viewer. Balance in design is the distribution of elements of the design.
Balance is a visual interpretation of gravity in the design. Balance in web design is found in the layout. The position of elements on the page determines how balanced the page appears. For the proper balance in the design, one must focus on the layout of the design. The most common way to incorporate balance into web design is in the layout.
Types of Balance in design: –
Following are the three types of balance in design: –
- Symmetric Balance: – Symmetric balance is mirror image balance. All the visual elements on one side of the screen are mirrored on the other side. They don’t have to be identical visual elements but can be similar in number, color, shape, and scale. When visual elements are equal in weight, they are said to be in balance. The Symmetrical balance is used when one wishes to achieve a formal design, a sense of structure, a sense of organization, and stability. This makes the composition appear stable and creates a more orderly look.
- Asymmetric Balance: – Asymmetric balance is used to describe a kind of balance that is not identical on both sides of a central line i.e. not relying on symmetry, opposite of symmetrical balance. An asymmetric composition is intended to create a deliberate imbalance of the elements in the design. Asymmetric balance occurs when several smaller visual elements on one side are balanced by a large visual element on the other side or smaller visual elements are placed further away from the center of the screen than larger visual elements.
- Radial Balance: – In Radial Balance all the elements radiate out in from a center point in a circular fashion. It is very easy to maintain a focal point in radial balance since all the elements lead your eye towards the center. Balance can be attained through placing objects, colors, or textures at equal distances from the center, or in the same way as balancing a seesaw.
- Discordant or Off-Balance: – Sometimes the purpose of design makes an off-balance or discordant design well. Design that is off-balance suggests motion and action. They make people uncomfortable and uneasy. If the content of the design is also intended to be uncomfortable or make people think, a discordantly balanced design can work well. Let’s Summarize: – When Symmetry is used, the result demonstrates professionalism and a serious, sustainable, approach. The method of asymmetry attracts interest, express individuality and creativity, focus attention.
A balanced composition feels right, it feels stable and aesthetically pleasing. While some of its elements might be focal points and attract your eye, no one area of the composition draws your eye so much that you can’t see the other areas. Balancing a composition involves arranging both positive elements and negative space in such a way that no one area of the design overpowers other areas. Everything works together and fits together in a seamless whole. The individual parts contribute to their sum but don’t try to become the sum.